The most recent, less than Super Bowl notwithstanding, the N.F.L. continues to be a behemoth, dominating the sports landscape in revenue, attendance and television ratings.
That popularity has over the years tempted entrepreneurs to try to cash in by starting professional football leagues of their own. The latest effort is the Alliance of American Football, which plays its first games on Saturday.
There have been plenty of pretenders to the N.F.L.’s crown over the years. None have succeeded, but all had their share of novelty.
Season July to December
Weird rules A touchdown was worth seven points; teams could then go for a conversion from scrimmage for one more “action point.” No sudden-death overtime; a full 15-minute quarter was played. No preseason.
Champion Birmingham Americans
Odd team names The Hawaiians (Honolulu), Charlotte Hornets, Memphis Grizzlies, Shreveport Steamer
Big-name owner John B. Kelly Jr. (Princess Grace’s brother) of the Philadelphia Bell
Big-name coaches Jack Pardee, Florida Blazers; John McVay, Memphis Southmen
Big-name players Ken Stabler, Birmingham; Bill Bergey, Florida; Larry Csonka and Jim Kiick, Memphis
Unlikely city Shreveport, La.
Strange occurrence A restraining order was served on defensive lineman John Matuszak by his N.F.L. team, the Houston Oilers, in the middle of a game, forcing him to stop playing for the Houston Texans.
TV The syndicated TVS network
The Times said: “The dye on the footballs may still be wet and the players may not he able to keep dry in the stifling heat, but the World Football League brings midweek, midsummer football to the nation’s sports life tonight.”
Legacy Gave a start to Coach Marty Schottenheimer; broke ground for professional football in the South.
Season March to July
Weird rules Allowed 2-point conversion (later adopted by the N.F.L.)
Champions Michigan Panthers, Philadelphia Stars, Baltimore Stars
Odd team name Pittsburgh Maulers
Big-name owner Donald J. Trump, New Jersey Generals
Big-name coaches George Allen, Chicago Blitz; Marv Levy, Chicago; Jim Mora, Philadelphia and Baltimore
Big-name players Herschel Walker, New Jersey; Reggie White, Memphis Showboats; Jim Kelly, Houston Gamblers; Steve Young, Los Angeles Express
Unlikely city Tulsa, Okla.
Strange occurrence The Chicago Blitz was traded in its entirety — players, coaches and assets — for the Arizona Wranglers.
TV ABC and ESPN
The Times said: “Yesterday’s opening of the U.S.F.L. season occurred only five weeks after Super Bowl XVII, meaning pro football now exists for 11 months. It’s as if another baseball league was formed with a season that opened in December.”
Legacy Introduced instant replay for officials’ rulings; won antitrust lawsuit against the N.F.L. but was awarded only in damages.
Season February to April
Weird rules Players could have nicknames on their jerseys; two players raced for the football to determine opening possession; no fair catches.
Champion Los Angeles Xtreme
Odd team names New York/New Jersey Hitmen, Memphis Maniax
Big-name owner All teams owned by World Wrestling Federation and NBC
Big-name coaches Ron Meyer, Chicago Enforcers; Al Luginbill, Los Angeles
Big name players Rod “He Hate Me” Smart, Las Vegas Outlaws; Rashaan Salaam, Memphis
Strange occurrence A double overtime game caused “Saturday Night Live” to be delayed by 45 minutes, infuriating the producer Lorne Michaels. Subsequently, NBC cut away from the games at 11 p.m. even if they were not over.
The Times said: “Like a blight that has crept from the low-rent fringes of cable to network prime time, the XFL mingles violence, voyeurism and even politics into one trashy Saturday night show.”
Legacy Unusual camera angles, including Skycam; a return planned for next year.
Season October to November
Weird rules Blitzes limited to six players; single-bar face mask permitted.
Champions Las Vegas Locomotives (three times), Virginia Destroyers
Odd team name Florida Tuskers
Big-name owners Mark Cuban was an investor. Joe Theismann, Florida.
Big-name coaches Jerry Glanville, Hartford Colonials; Jim Fassel, Las Vegas; Jay Gruden, Florida
Big-name players Brooks Bollinger, Florida; Graham Gano, Las Vegas; Maurice Clarett, Omaha Nighthawks; John David Washington, Denzel’s son, Sacramento Mountain Lions
Unlikely city Virginia Beach
Strange occurrence The “New York” Sentinels played one home game in Hartford, one in New Jersey and one on Long Island.
TV Versus and CBS Sports Network
The Times said: “Reports of the U.F.L.’s impending death have been around as long as the league.”
Legacy Had female officials, including Sarah Thomas, who is now in the N.F.L.
Season October to November
Weird rules Kicks taken from wider hash mark; extra points from 35 yards.
Champions Brooklyn Bolts
Odd team names Florida Blacktips, Hudson Valley Fort
Big-name owner Teams were owned by the league.
Big-name coach Terry Shea, maybe? (a former N.F.L. quarterbacks coach and Rutgers head coach)
Big-name player Josh Freeman, Brooklyn
Unlikely city Fishkill, N.Y.
Strange occurrence The Florida Blacktips were a traveling team that had no home stadium. The 2014 championship game was canceled, and Brooklyn declared the champion.
TV ESPN3 and syndicated
The Times said: “Tonight’s contest, against the Boston Brawlers, will be the first pro football game played in New York City since the Jets’ farewell to Shea Stadium in 1983.”
Season February to April
Weird rules No kickoffs; drives start from 25; 2-point conversions required.
Odd team name San Diego Fleet
Big-name owner Charlie Ebersol, son of the television executive Dick Ebersol, is a founder.
Big-name coaches Steve Spurrier, Orlando Apollos; Mike Singletary, Memphis Express; Rick Neuheisel, Arizona Hotshots
Big-name players Trent Richardson, Birmingham Iron; Zach Mettenberger, Memphis
Strange occurrence Sites are already taking betting on the new league. BetDSI has the Arizona Hotshots as the favorites.
TV CBS, CBS Sports Network, TNT and NFL Network
The Times said: “The Alliance of American Football, though, will have to overcome the obstacles that others could not, including runaway expenses, limited media exposure and a lack of fans.”
Maybe a fierce rivalry will develop between San Diego and Phoenix. Maybe a player will break out the way “He Hate Me” did in the XFL. Maybe Coach Spurrier will recapture his magic. The Alliance will have to roll a Yahtzee to succeed in the shadow of the N.F.L. But even if it fails, you can bet someone will soon line up to try again.B:
报码开奖六佘茶楼“【嘀】~【嘀】~【嘀】~”“……” 【一】【间】【病】【房】【内】，【电】【子】【仪】【器】“【嘀】【嘀】”【响】【个】【不】【停】。【房】【间】【内】【空】【无】【一】【人】，【只】【有】【一】【名】【病】【号】【躺】【在】【病】【床】【上】，【嘴】【里】【还】【带】【着】【氧】【气】【罩】。【这】【时】【床】【上】【的】【病】【人】【手】【指】【开】【始】【蠕】【动】，【并】【缓】【缓】【睁】【开】【了】【眼】【睛】。 【病】【床】【上】【的】【正】【是】【烨】【磊】，【当】【他】【看】【到】【周】【围】【事】【物】【的】【时】【候】，【喃】【喃】【说】【道】：“【终】【于】【回】【来】【了】~” ………… 【一】【个】【星】【期】【后】，【烨】【磊】
【方】【岚】【笑】【道】：“【对】【啊】，【我】【们】【是】【朋】【友】。” “【我】【送】【你】【们】【回】【去】【吧】。”【许】【荣】【耀】【态】【度】【很】【热】【忱】，【眸】【底】【里】【带】【着】【比】【往】【常】【更】【意】【气】【风】【华】【的】【状】【态】。 “【不】【用】【了】，【我】【和】【苏】【蜜】【还】【有】【点】【姐】【妹】【之】【间】【的】【话】【要】【说】，【就】【不】【麻】【烦】【你】【了】。”【方】【岚】【笑】【着】【婉】【拒】【了】。 【而】【他】【是】【耀】【世】【传】【媒】【的】【总】【经】【理】，【出】【去】【送】【苏】【蜜】【的】【话】，【也】【不】【知】【道】【会】【闹】【出】【什】【么】【样】【的】【风】【波】。 【许】【荣】【耀】【似】【乎】【也】
【了】。 “5【千】” “5【千】？【怎】【么】【可】【能】……【我】【没】【有】【那】【么】【多】”。 “【没】【有】？【小】【子】【找】【死】【是】【吧】！” 【失】【去】【耐】【心】【的】【壮】【汉】【举】【起】【拳】【头】，【往】【少】【年】【的】【脸】【上】【飞】【去】！ “【呀】！” 【随】【着】【少】【年】【的】【一】【惨】【声】【叫】，【扑】【通】【一】【下】【就】【倒】【在】【地】【上】【了】，【藏】【在】【怀】【里】【装】【有】【福】【利】【院】【给】【的】【创】【业】【基】【金】【的】【信】【封】【也】【跟】【着】【掉】【了】【出】【来】。 【壮】【汉】【瞄】【了】【一】【眼】【那】【个】【信】【封】，【然】【后】【走】【过】
【随】【着】【祂】【的】【最】【后】【一】【个】【字】【落】【下】，【星】【海】【变】【成】【了】【火】【海】。 【侯】【在】【外】【面】【的】【沧】【月】【三】【兄】【妹】【忽】【然】【发】【现】【汇】【聚】【向】【这】【里】【的】【灵】【力】【消】【退】，【风】【云】【似】【乎】【也】【有】【了】【变】【化】。 【沧】【溟】【微】【微】【眯】【了】【眯】【眼】【道】：“【看】【来】【是】【成】【功】【了】。” 【话】【音】【未】【落】，【天】【地】【之】【间】【便】【猛】【然】【开】【始】【剧】【烈】【的】【摇】【晃】【起】【来】。 【先】【是】【沧】【月】【三】【兄】【妹】【感】【觉】【到】【了】【这】【样】【的】【震】【动】，【而】【后】【这】【个】【巨】【动】【开】【始】【向】【外】【扩】【展】【蔓】【延】【开】【去】报码开奖六佘茶楼【陈】【拓】【先】【是】【呵】【呵】【的】【笑】【了】【几】【声】，【然】【后】【才】【不】【慌】【不】【忙】【的】【开】【口】，“【你】【忘】【了】【当】【时】【的】【情】【况】【了】？【我】【当】【时】【可】【是】【通】【过】【监】【控】【然】【后】【帮】【你】【的】。【记】【得】【吗】？”【陈】【拓】【不】【急】【着】【回】【答】【正】【经】【的】【问】【题】，【反】【倒】【开】【始】【问】【叶】【翩】【翩】【了】。 【叶】【翩】【翩】【想】【了】【想】【那】【天】【的】【场】【景】【然】【后】【才】【回】【答】【道】，“【我】【还】【记】【得】，【当】【时】【是】【调】【出】【监】【控】【然】【后】【还】【我】【清】【白】。” 【然】【后】【陈】【拓】【又】【笑】【了】【笑】，【仿】【佛】【是】【想】【起】【当】【时】【的】
【吃】【过】【了】【饭】，【清】【欢】【这】【才】【犹】【犹】【豫】【豫】【地】【问】【清】【翩】：“【翩】【姨】，【我】【娘】【他】【们】【有】【没】【有】【生】【气】【啊】？” 【清】【翩】【板】【起】【脸】【来】【说】【道】：“【当】【然】【了】！【谷】【里】【就】【这】【么】【几】【个】【人】，【为】【了】【找】【你】【们】【都】【找】【疯】【了】！【后】【来】【忘】【川】【回】【来】，【把】【事】【情】【一】【说】，【你】【娘】【听】【说】【有】【那】【个】【幻】【羽】【在】【这】【才】【放】【心】，【就】【回】【扬】【州】【等】【你】【们】【的】【消】【息】【了】。” 【清】【欢】【道】：“【我】【也】【想】【回】【家】【去】【看】【看】，【就】【怕】【被】【我】【娘】【骂】。” “
【巨】【型】【的】【火】【焰】【球】【粉】【碎】【掉】【两】【边】【的】【房】【屋】【继】【而】【碾】【压】【向】【我】【们】，【我】【看】【着】【仿】【佛】【打】【开】【地】【狱】【之】【门】【的】【火】【焰】【球】，【自】【己】【束】【手】【无】【策】，【只】【有】【一】【个】【银】【白】【长】【发】【的】【女】【性】【身】【影】【去】【阻】【挡】。 “【亚】【尔】【帝】【泽】【罗】！【请】【赐】【予】【我】【穿】【破】【一】【切】【的】【伟】【力】！” 【精】【灵】【王】【的】【伟】【力】【从】【细】【剑】【释】【放】【出】【来】，【修】【长】【的】【剑】【身】【散】【发】【一】【圈】【圈】【的】【风】【之】【环】【流】【向】【剑】【尖】，【阿】【菲】【利】【斯】【呐】【喊】【着】【迈】【出】【一】【大】【步】，【她】【双】【手】【握】【紧】
【酒】【宴】【进】【行】【到】【一】【半】，【众】【女】【已】【经】【玩】【了】【起】【来】，【星】【族】【众】【女】【和】【炎】【玉】【也】【拿】【出】【自】【己】【的】【礼】【物】，【给】【其】【余】【姐】【妹】【欣】【赏】，【神】【台】【上】【一】【时】【间】【宝】【光】【闪】【动】，【耀】【人】【眼】【球】。【这】【些】【灵】【器】【都】【是】【好】【用】【地】【底】【灵】【矿】【所】【造】，【都】【是】【十】【分】【珍】【惜】【的】【材】【料】，【放】【在】【六】【品】【内】【也】【是】【顶】【尖】【宝】【物】【了】，【被】【岳】【擎】【天】【这】【么】【豪】【迈】【地】【分】【发】【给】【了】【妻】【子】【们】。 【侍】【从】：【星】【羽】-【辅】【皇】 【境】【界】：【六】【品】【一】【重】 【血】【量】：【六】